While currently there are no prevention strategies proven to keep men from developing prostate cancer, some diet and lifestyle modifications can delay disease development and progression.
Prostate cancer is much more common in Northern European and Western cultures than in rural communities in Asia, for example. Research indicates this may be related to diet—specifically foods that produce oxidative damage to DNA.
Here is a list of actions you can take to prevent or delay the onset of prostate cancer:
- Eat fewer calories and/or exercise more to maintain a healthy weight.
- Minimize the amount of fat you intake from red meat and dairy products.
- Watch your calcium intake. Do not take supplemental calcium doses that exceed the recommended daily allowance of 1,500 mg a day.
- Eat more fish. Several studies suggest that the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish can help protect against prostate cancer.
- Eat more cruciferous vegetable (like broccoli and cauliflower) as well as more tomatoes cooked with olive oil. These foods have been shown to be beneficial in protecting against prostate cancer.
- Avoid smoking, and drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
- Obtain medical treatment for stress, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and depression. Treating these conditions will improve your likelihood of surviving prostate cancer.
- Avoid over-supplementation with megavitamins. While a multivitamin is not likely to be harmful, eating a healthy and balanced diet eliminates the need to take a multivitamin.
- Reduce stress. This will lead to a longer, happier life as well as increase your likelihood of surviving prostate cancer.[AS1]
- Talk to your doctor. You should consider a yearly rectal examination and PSA test.
- Remember – changing your diet will not take away your risk of having prostate cancer right now, especially if you exhibit one or more of the four common risk factors. If you are over 50, over 40 and of African descent, or if you have a family history of prostate cancer, a good diet may simply not be enough. Consider prostate screening procedures with your doctor.